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It is surprising that modern man can take the book, which is already 2500 years old, and unexpectedly found in her thoughts that struck him. Of course, the Buddha’s teachings is not only relevant for the present time, it is also attractive from the scientific and medical point of view. The freedom from dogmas and rituals, Buddhism makes perfect religion for modern life. Although now we have moved away from tradition, we still need some spiritual discipline, and it comes with one of the major world religions, which includes recommendations for appropriate behavior in order to achieve mental health.
Many scientists and doctors today are turning to Buddhist practice, study their content and impact. Scientists conduct experiments that prove the positive effects of Buddhist practices in behavior and mental and physical health.
Widely spread and studied is the practice of meditation, which helps a person get rid of many mental suffering and distress. The scientist Richard Davidson in Madison at the Department of Psychology University of Wisconsin conducted experiments on the effect of meditation on the human brain. These studies have shown improved performance and activity of the human brain during meditation. It means that meditation practices can really help people to cure some mental problems and illnesses. (Stephen S. Hall, 2005)
Early results of the experiments do not have the support of scientists. Now neurobiological study of Buddhist practices to overcome the threshold of skepticism, scientists, and are worthy of scientific attention. This is partly explained by new, more powerful brain-scanning technology, which may not only reflect the state of mind in the midst of meditation but also to detect persistent changes in the functioning of the brain months after a long meditation course. The fact that the brain can learn, adapt and rebuild at the molecular level due to the experience and training, suggests that meditation may leave a biological trace in the brain – the imprint, which, given the rapid technological advances of our time, perhaps to define and measure. “This is consistent throughout the literature on the neurobiology”, – says neurobiologist from Harvard, Stephen Kosslin. (Pinit Ratanakul, 2002)
Experiments in Madison also are proved by research that shows that meditation in the Buddhist style has not only emotional, but an unequivocal physiological effects. That is the power of meditation can be designed in such a way that, along with the decrease of stress and dissolving negative emotions will improve and the entire mental system of man.
Tibetan Medicine is a very ancient doctrine that is based on Buddhist concepts of the mental and physical health. It heals physical and mental health, which are interrelated, and physiological health depends on the mental behavior. No medicine has reached such perfection as Tibetian, because their medicine – is a science, philosophy of life, the basis of his physical and mental health of people.
Some scholars argue that Buddhism – is a science. Psychologists, studying Buddhism, say that Buddhism – is psychology. Why is this happening? It is perceived Buddhism, because it contains many aspects, philosophy, psychology, many industry Sciences – and reflects many aspects of human life, activities, internal essence. That is why European scientists and Christians consider the many theories of Buddhism, its practices. Buddhist philosophy and teachings on mental health is now widely used by European scientists, psychologists and physicians.
1. Stephen S. Hall. (2005). “Merchants of Immortality: Chasing the Dream of Human Life Extension”. Mariner Books
2. Zajonc, Arthur. (2004). The New Physics and Cosmology: Dialogues with the Dalai Lama. NY: Oxford University PressDavidson, Richard J. & Anne Harrington (eds.) (2002). Visions of Compassion: Western Scientists and Tibetan Buddhists Examine Human Nature. NY: Oxford University Press.
3. Pinit Ratanakul (2004). Buddhism, Health and Disease. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 15 (2004), 162-4.
4. Madawela Punnaji. Buddhism and mental health. Web. Retrieved from www.purifymind.com/BuddhismAsPsycho.htm
5. Toneatto, Tony. (2007). Buddhism, Psychology and Mental Health.
6. Stephen S. Hall. (2003) . Is Buddhism good for your health? The New York Times, September 2003.
7. Buddhist Meditation and Health.