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Nowadays human trafficking is the third largest type of organized crime, yielding only to illegal drug and weapon trafficking. Naturally, human trafficking flourishes in countries with poverty, economic crisis, political repression and weak immigration control (Nieuwenhuys & Pécoud, 2007).
The problem analysis shows that human trafficking is growing rapidly around the world on such basic reasons (Shelley, 2010):
– The ability to quickly obtain a large profit without the initial capital;
– To receive those profits for a long time from the exploitation of the same victims;
-Despite the fact that human trafficking is a crime, the risk of prosecution by law for this crime is negligible.
The crime usually starts with the fact that traffickers offer their future victims attractive employment opportunities abroad. In many cases, the victim learns of the false nature of these agreements only after finding herself in the destination country; when her passport is taken away, when physical and mental violence is applied, when they demand to work out the money spent on paperwork, visas and tickets. Further, the dependence of the victim increases by the scheme of pre-fabricated debts which account for the money spent by the owner of the brothel (Weissbrodt, 2008).
Thus a person gets in a planned debt bondage, which is constantly increasing. It is complemented with bogus fines and resale value to each another owner.
Traffickers use different techniques to intimidate and control their victims – assault, imprisonment, and a variety of psychological mechanisms and financial controls.buy research paper
Control methods include: debt bondage, confiscation of passports, isolation, threats of violence against the victim and (or) their families, victims of financial control (for example, traffickers take the earnings of the victims to store in a safe). Persons suffering from human trafficking pay a horrible price – physical and psychological traumas, diseases, loss of relationships with friends and family, emotional traumas, drug addiction and AIDS.
Thus, human trafficking is a gross violation of human rights, which contributes to social destruction (trafficking removes children from their parents and families, deprives young people of the access to education, etc.) (Rijken, 2009).
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