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According to various scientific and statistics studies, different types of violence are present in almost every fourth family. About a third of homicides are committed in the family. Half of all crimes committed at home happen because of jealousy, hooliganism, alcoholism, drug addiction, etc. Certainly, the vulnerability of women in family conflicts is high, but children are even more vulnerable; they are innocent creatures, who just happen to be near in such cases (Burton, 2008. pp. 98-99).
U.S. Department of Justice reports that 97% of victims of domestic violence are women. Foundation for the Prevention of Domestic Violence states that every 9 seconds in the United States one woman is beat, and every year more than 4 million women suffer from abuse (Van Wormer, 2009. pp. 54-55).
On average, every day 4 women are killed as a result of domestic violence; every second woman in lifelong somehow gets into a situation related to the abuse – according to the creators of Project for the protection of women – victims of violence (from Harvard Law School).
Women in the U.S. 6 times more often become victims of domestic crimes. And those who go from such a family in 75% of cases get at risk of being killed by their tormentors, usually the husband/cohabitant.
Half of the homeless American women and their children suffer from domestic violence, but in the U.S. are three times more shelters for children than for victims of domestic violence.
According to the FBI, 30% of killed during the year women are killed by their husbands or boyfriends. It is also known that only in 3% of cases women become murders of their husbands and, as a rule, the court finds that the murder is unintentional, done in order to protect themselves and/or children.
So, the domestic violence is a destructive form of social interaction in a family expressing its general disadvantage and violation of value-normative sphere of its constituent individuals. It is a factor of social risk provoking the deepening socio-psychological and moral isolation, mistrust and hostility towards other family members, rudeness and cruelty in communication with them.
In general, the violence is understood as the action associated with the direct infliction of physical, mental or moral harm to another person or a threat of causing such to coerce him to certain behavior.
Forms of domestic violence can be allocated on different grounds – on the subjects of interaction (the relationship between adult family members, adults towards children, adults and children towards elderly members), on the nature and content of interactions (physical, psychological, emotional, economic violence). buy term paper
The violence generally comes from spiritual backwardness, the personal inability to constructive engagement or sick willpower, accumulated fatigue and irritability, poor facilities and bad moral character. Its general intellectual basis is the belief that coercion is the surest way to get the necessary human behavior. In reality, violence can not be a mean of final settlement of accumulated problems, which it is just able to drive deeper. Violence causes fear, depression humiliation, emotional stress in victims, when they try to avoid pressure, simulating obedience and submission, by resorting to lies, or answering with outright rudeness. Violence can not solve the main problem of constructive human interaction – to make person wish to follow the proposed patterns of behavior by internal motives. In this sense, the principal means of preventing violence in the family is cultivating the atmosphere of mutual goodwill and trust in the family, and the desire to understand another family member, to try to find the best way out of conflict situations. In the case if the conflict has gone far, so the ability to forgive, to break the chain of misunderstandings and grievances, to restore confidence, to restore good relations between close people is very important.
The common denominator of constructive human interaction between family members is an atmosphere of mutual trust, respect, love and willingness to help each another, and a conscious desire to seek mutual understanding.
Burton, Mandy. (2008). Legal Responses to Domestic Violence. pp. 98-99.
Dawes, Cheryle E. (2004). Domestic Violence: Both Sides of the Coin. pp. 312-315.
Geffner, Robert., Rosenbaum, Alan. (2002). Domestic violence offenders: current interventions, research, and implications for policies and standards. p. 74.
Johnson, Michael P. (2008). A typology of domestic violence: intimate terrorism, violent resistance, and situational couple violence. pp. 161-164.
McGee, Caroline. (2000). Childhood Experiences of Domestic Violence. pp. 140-142.
Reyes, Carolina., Rudman, William J., Hewitt, Calvin R. (2002). Domestic Violence and Health Care: Policies and Prevention. p. 36.
Shipway, Lyn. (2004). Domestic violence: a handbook for health professionals. pp. 159-161.
Summers, Randal W., Hoffman, Allan Michael. (2002). Domestic violence: a global view. pp. 78-79.
Van Wormer, Katherine S., Roberts, Albert R. (2009). Death by domestic violence: preventing the murders and murder-suicides. pp. 54-55.
World Health Organization., Krug, Etienne G. (2002). World report on violence and health. p. 129.