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Post-modernism is shown as the statement of a principle of methodological doubt under the relation to all positive installations. The belief existed in a society. The post-modernism doctrine is an expression philosophical scepticism.
One of post-modern’ contradictions is that it has generated installation on aversion of sharp social changes but being in space and time “civilisations young” it thirsts for accelerations of change of rates of a life.
The postmodernist sight is characterised by belief that any attempt to design world model is senseless in the world. Theorists of post-modernism prove impossibility of existence of the integrity of a person who is capable to act as a fragment but every person’s attempt thinks logically leads him to the stereotypical thinking developed by dominating ideology.
The ambiguity of post-modernism is caused by that the incompatible co-exists. The unconscious aspiration to the complete and aesthetic comprehension of a life and the consciousness of the primary fragmentariness, essentially not synthesised dissociation of human experience of the end of XX century. The discrepancy of a modern life does not keep in any frameworks and generates the phantasmagonic concepts of the interpretation.
The basis lines of post-modernism
The aspiration to creation of a universal picture of the world reducing all variety of the validity to the uniform bases;
The belief in availability to human reason of absolute knowledge of these bases;custom term paper
The aspiration to a full embodiment of this knowledge actually;
The belief that such realisation will promote increase in the human happiness.
In conclusion I want to say that I proved the thesis that a post-modernist style has occurred from a modernist style.
The post-modern philosophy has refused classics, having opened new ways and rules of intellectual activity that was the original answer to reflective judgement which has been developed in ХХ century of the global shifts in peoples’ outlook.
It has cleared those base concepts, those installations and the orientations, which steels a basic in intellectual activity. These orientations were clear for style of thinking of an epoch.
The term “trace” as that only thing that we need to know the exact reason instead of the former claim is in exchange entered.
The aversion of a category “the essence” focusing the researcher on search of depths, roots of the phenomena, leads to occurrence of concept “surface”. There are not claimed terms “purpose”, “the plan”, preferable there is “game”, “case” in such situation
Turn down such categories as a true, essence, purpose. This concept does not work in post-modern which has counted on “anarchy”.
In a modernist style discourse concepts “metaphysics» and “transcendental” were of great importance. Post-modern opposes to “metaphysics”, “irony”, “transcendental” and “immanent”. If the modernist style aspired to “definiteness” post-modern gravitated in “uncertainty”, doing this concept by one of the central.
On change to terms “genre” and text “border” come “text”, or “intertext” that gives to the thinker freedom to create, neglecting tradition requirements.
Post-modern is aimed not at creation, synthesis, creativity, and on a deconstruction, that is a reorganisation and destruction of former structure of intellectual practice and culture in general.
Liotar notices: «Defining for a post-modernism is not only that there are no more myths of unity, but also that their loss does not cause affliction». The value of the person is defined by the fact of its empirical existence, and post-modernists do not think that they have to make the further cultural demands and to develop in it standard “I”. The peak the post-modernist attitude has reached in 80th.
The future is unpredictable and its possible theoretical judgement.
Disputes about post-modernism have begun with the moment of its occurrence and proceeded nowadays. The complexity and ambiguity of this phenomenon generates rather wide spectrum of its estimations.
Finishing a review of post-modernism and underlining all discrepancy of this phenomenon, it is necessary to warn against the extreme measures in its estimation. There are two opposite opinions about post-modernism. They say that post-modernism is an actual and “advanced” part of a modern culture but these is and another opinion that post-modernism is a virus which decomposes a modern culture. Post-modern still exists and develops before our eyes. That’s way this concept helps to illuminate the character of twenty-first century society.
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